Dear Reader, sentence completion questions are the ones asking you to find contextually correct words (synonyms) to fill the given blanks. These types of placement questions can be expected on papers of several companies including TCS. Hence it is very essential to develop your vocabulary and the ability to pick the correct word in context.
Value of currency started increasing which ultimately kick started __ (a. deflation / b. depreciation / c. disinflation) in economy.
Answer : a. deflation
Reason :Deflation is the term used to denote a fall in prices of goods indicating currency value rise. Though disinflation could appear close in context, it actually means a slow rise in inflation rather than an exact opposite of inflation.
The introduction of number zero to mathematics is considered to be one of the greatest __ (a. innovations / b. inventions / c. discoveries) of all times.
Answer: a. innovations
Reason : Innovation means a change that could be considered to have brought a great positive change in some field. Hence innovation fits the context well. However, invention means to invent something new and discovery means to find something unknown.
__ (a. incentives / b. bonuses /c. gifts) generally motivate people to carry out tasks in an efficient manner.
Answer: a. Incentives
Reason : Incentive means a motivating factor that encourages people to carry out their tasks efficiently. Though bonuses and gifts closely suit the context, they generally mean only monetary benefits whereas incentive can mean even non monetary benefits like appreciation.
___ (a. Idiom / b. Connotation /c. Paradox) refers to words implying different meaning than the actual literal meaning.
Answer : b. Connotation
Reason : Connotation is where words actually mean something but their implied meaning would be different. For example think of the words 'warm reception'.